Currently, Rwanda has no railway network. However, the country is working in partnership with other countries of the region to find a railway network. The railway network will contribute in lightening the country’s landlocked status, thus leading to a significant reduction of transport costs.
The Key principles for the rail transport policy are as follows:
- Promote the rail connectivity for both the central and the northern corridors including regional rail
connectivity with Democratic Republic of Congo
- Ensure harmonization of all future infrastructure , gauge and service provision, legal and regulatory
framework for rail transport system within EAC counties;
-Ensure separation of infrastructure from operations in terms of accounting, with separate balance sheets as well as profit and loss accounts, and separate accounts for passenger and freight;
- Adopt charging for network access base on marginal cost with allowances for non-discriminatory mark-ups and mark downs specified circumstances
- Ensure separation of powers in the form of an independent regulator and the separation of path allocation and infrastructure charging from any organization.The main objective of rail transport is to provide guidance for financing an appropriate railway network for Rwanda. A public private partnership financing option may be considered for development of Railway with following key features:
- Integrated concession regulated by independent regulator;
- Separation of management and rail operations in a non-discriminatory and fair open access system
- Integrated concession with open access regulated by an independent regulator responsible to national or multinational line.